HEALTH MATTERS

HEALTH TOPICS

UNDERSTANDING THINGS THAT MATTER

Standard Body Mass Index calculator. … Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.

Metabolism is the process by which your body converts what you eat and drink into energy. During this complex biochemical process, calories in food and beverages are combined with oxygen to release the energy your body needs to function.

Chronic stress, or poorly managed stress, may lead to elevated cortisol levels that stimulate your appetite, with the end result being weight gain or difficulty losing unwanted pounds. Cortisol not only promotes weight gain, but it can also affect where you put on the weight.

Importance of Water for our body is a critical understanding essential for all who wish to manage their body weights. Our body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. Because the body loses water while breathing, sweating, and digestion, it’s important to rehydrate by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water.

The immune system protects the body from outside invaders, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and toxins (chemicals produced by microbes).

  • The immune system is a complex network of cells and proteins that defends the body against infection.
  • The immune system keeps a record of every germ (microbe) it has ever defeated so it can recognise and destroy the microbe quickly if it enters the body again.
  • Abnormalities of the immune system can lead to allergic diseases, immunodeficiencies and autoimmune disorders.

Sleep plays an important role in your physical health. For example, sleep is involved in healing and repair of your heart and blood vessels. Ongoing sleep deficiency is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke.

The idea is that you choose a neutral Food, like an Apple (something you like to eat, but wouldn’t be tempted to eat it unless you were hungry). And the next time you are reaching for a bit to eat but aren’t sure if you are actually hungry, ask yourself if you’d eat an apple (or another neutral food)

The Hunger Level Scale

Over time, people often lose touch with how physical hunger and fullness actually feel. The Hunger Level Scale can help you to think about how hungry you really are and decide whether your desire to eat comes from real hunger or other reasons.